RAIL BALTICA ÜLEMISTE JOINT TERMINAL
The international architectural competition brings the railway in Ülemiste to the forefront again 150 years later
Ülemiste urban region is situated in Lasnamäe, the largest district of Tallinn. But it was the construction of the railway in 1870 and the Dvigatel plant – heart of the Estonian metal industry – completed 28 years later that brought real life and development to the urban region spread out over 3.4 square kilometres. The plant that started out producing passenger and freight wagons later also manufactured equipment for the space, atomic and chemistry industries of the Soviet Union.
Changing times and needs also arrived in Ülemiste area. Ülemiste Centre was opened in 2004, and the development of Ülemiste City in 2005 put a start to the changes on the current territory of the historic Dvigatel plant. Several old factory buildings were given new life, but the territory also allowed for establishing completely new buildings.
Ülemiste area is a developing living and working environment boasting growth potential, which is situated close to the international Lennart Meri Tallinn Airport. The area is also well-connected to the other districts of Tallinn (tram, city bus lines), Tallinn’s surrounding areas (train, Harju county lines) as well as other Estonian areas through public transport (long-distance buses, train), and car users also fairly well connected.
Three shopping centres with a total retail area of over 152,000 m2 are situated near the future Ülemiste Terminal, the newest of these, T1 developed by Pro Kapital, is situated next to the Ülemiste Joint Terminal; the area is also home to the Ülemiste Hotel (130 rooms in total), Ülemiste City campus (up to 30,000 jobs planned), and more than 4,500 parking spaces in total.
150 years later, the development of the area that got its start from the establishment of a railway is awaiting a new vision for development that is once again centred around the railway – Rail Baltica Ülemiste Joint Terminal.
Vision for Ülemiste
The developments of Ülemiste area have not, however, stopped. In addition to establishing Rail Baltica Joint Terminal, the developers of Ülemiste City, Technopolis Ülemiste and Mainor Ülemiste AS, as well as Tallinn Airport are still working on perspective real estate developments and vision plans in the area. T1 shopping centre developed by Pro Kapital in the immediate vicinity of Rail Baltica Joint Terminal has made a major contribution to Ülemiste’s current appearance.
The vision of Tallinn Airport for 2035 foresees the expansion of the passenger terminal in order to service up to 6 million passengers as well as the establishment of an airport campus – up to 150,000 square meters of commercial, service and accommodation space mainly for servicing air passengers are planned to be built in the airport campus.
The development of more than 30,000 square meters of Valukoja Quarter in Ülemiste City foresees a comprehensive solution for several different functions such as homes, offices and schools.
However, the ambition of the new Rail Baltica terminal to be established is not just resolving a place to stop for trains travelling on Rail Baltica, but it also aims to take into account the trains servicing the Moscow-St. Petersburg route and trains travelling to Narva and Tartu, local traffic and, in the distance future, stops for trains travelling in the Tallinn-Helsinki tunnel. Additionally, the possibility of bringing a bus terminal for long-distance lines to Ülemiste has also been discussed. The existence of a railway was the catalyst for the development of Ülemiste urban region and will continue to be so in the vision for the new Ülemiste. This also includes the mitigation/elimination of the barrier effect of railway in the form of smooth passage of a terminal square underneath the railways.
Design competition and expectations
The terminal building looks attractive and worthy of its status from all angles, and the building opens up towards both Peterburi Road and Suur-Sõjamäe Street. At the same time, the conceptual design proposes a building with maximum reliability and energy efficiency in its functions and constructional solutions, which takes account of the use of sustainable technologies. The choice of construction and finishing materials and the construction technology are economical, environmentally friendly and easy to maintain.
We expect that:
- The importance of Ülemiste Joint Terminal as the starting and terminating station of Rail Baltica is architecturally recognisable in comparison with other stops on the Rail Baltica route. The new construction works are architecturally advanced and suitable for the given location with regard to urban development.
- The architectural competition helps us to find an architectural solution that is the most attractive in terms of the urban space, pedestrian-friendliest and most suitable for the function of use.
- The solution is built at optimum cost and is convenient, functional and energy efficient for the end user, and has low operating costs.
- The buildings to be constructed are compatible with the surrounding environment, and the elements supporting the buildings (bicycle storage and other small facilities) take account of the principles of designing a complete set. All facades of the building take account of the surrounding urban space; technical facilities etc. are included in the volume of the building and/or designed to form an organic whole with the building. The architecture of the buildings is contemporary, advanced and improves the spatial quality of the area.
- The terminal building looks attractive and worthy of its status from all angles, and the building opens up towards both Peterburi tee and Suur-Sõjamäe Street. At the same time, the conceptual design proposes a building with maximum reliability and energy efficiency in its functions and constructional solutions, which takes account of the use of sustainable technologies. The choice of construction and finishing materials and the construction technology are economical, environmentally friendly and easy to maintain.
- Buildings are made of valuable and durable materials, and finishing materials do not interfere with the visibility of the drivers of railway rolling stock nor the legibility of signals.
- Location Tallinn, Ülemiste urban region 3D map
- Size of the competition area ca 10 ha
- Design volume of the terminal building 3,590 m²
- Area of the terminal lounge 1,300 m²
- Width of platforms – 8 to 9.5 metersThe competition area is situated in the city of Tallinn, Lasnamäe district, Ülemiste, in the area between Peterburi tee and Suur-Sõjamäe Street, and includes the following land units: Peterburi tee 2 (partially), Peterburi tee 4a, Peterburi tee 4d, Ülemiste tee 5 (partially), Ülemiste tee, Ülemiste tee T2, unreformed state land on the site, Ülemiste railway station, Suur-Sõjamäe Street 8a, Suur-Sõjamäe Street T1, Suur-Sõjamäe Street T11, Suur-Sõjamäe Street T2, and Peterburi tee T10.The design competition solution must take into account the following already established objects, which cannot be changed or supplemented in the course of the design competition:
- the street between T1 shopping centre and the tramway;
- the street between Ülemiste tee railway and T1 shopping centre.
Important competition dates
Head of Jury Riia Sillave
CEO Rail Baltic Estonia
Member of Supervisory Board Mainor Ülemiste
Infrastructure Development Manager AS Eesti Raudtee
Board Member AS Pro Kapital Eesti
Ülemiste Joint Terminal is the starting point for the first fast railway connection in the Baltic States – Rail Baltica!
Rail Baltica is an international fast, safe and environmentally friendly railway connection that connects Estonia to Central and Western Europe and the neighbouring countries. The electrified Rail Baltica that runs 870 kilometres (of which 213 km in Estonia) is one of the greatest investments ever made both in improving the travel possibilities of the Estonian people and promoting entrepreneurship, tourism and trade.
The route provides passengers with speeds of up to 240 km/h (design speed 249 km/h) and creates a whole new opportunity for conveniently and quickly travelling to Latvia and Lithuania and from there to Central Europe.
Freight trains are estimated to have speeds of up to 120 km/h, and movement of goods from the road to the railway contributes to Estonia’s environmental goals.
Rail Baltica (Tallinn-Pärnu-Riga-Kaunas-Warsaw) is part of the main network of the North Sea-Baltic transport corridor of the Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T) and is among the priority projects for financing EU cross-border and intra-EU connections.
- Competition deadline – 3rd of September 2019
- The participant must involve an architect who holds a certificate for Chartered Architect, Level 7 (or higher) or an equivalent professional certificate or competence for the purposes of a relevant regulation of an EU Member State, EEA or WTO state that has joined the Government Procurement Agreement.
- The competition identifies the three best designs for commencing negotiations to determine the contractor.
The total prize fund for the design competition is 77,000 euros.
I place/winner – 28,000 euros
II place/winner – 21,000 euros
III place/winner – 14,000 euros
2 incentive prizes of 7,000 euros.
Official competition terms and conditions and guidelines are available HERE.